Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 3, 5139-5184, 2003
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Urban aerosol number size distributions
T. Hussein1, A. Puustinen1, P. P. Aalto1, J. M. Mäkelä2, K. Hämeri1,3, and M. Kulmala1
1Department of Physical Sciences, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, FIN-00014, UHEL, Finland
2Institute of Physics, Tampere University of Technology, P.O. Box 692, FIN-33101 Tampere, Finland
3Physics Department, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41a A, FIN-00250 Helsinki, Finland

Abstract. Aerosol number size distributions were measured continuously in Helsinki, Finland from 5 May 1997 to 28 February 2003. The daily, monthly and annual patterns were investigated. The temporal variation of the particle number concentration was seen to follow the traffic density. The highest total particle number concentrations were usually observed during workdays; especially on Fridays, and the lower concentrations occurred during weekends; especially Sundays. Seasonally, the highest total number concentrations were usually observed during winter and spring and the lowest during June and July. More than 80\% of the particle number size distributions were tri-modal: nucleation mode (Dp < 30 nm), Aitken mode (20–100 nm) and accumulation mode (Dp > 90 nm). Less than 20% of the particle number size distributions have either two modes or consisted of more than three modes. Two different measurement sites are used; in the first place (Siltavuori, 5 May 1997–5 March 2001), the overall means of the integrated particle number concentrations were 7100 cm−3, 6320 cm−3, and 960 cm−3, respectively, for nucleation, Aitken, and accumulation modes. In the second site (Kumpula, 6 March 2001–28 February 2003) they were 5670 cm−3, 4050 cm−3, and 900 cm−3. The total number concentration in nucleation and Aitken modes were usually significantly higher during weekdays than during weekends. The variations in accumulation mode were less pronounced. The smaller concentrations in Kumpula were mainly due to building construction and also slight overall decreasing trend during these years. During the site changing a period of simultaneous measurements over two weeks were performed showing nice correlation in both sites.

Citation: Hussein, T., Puustinen, A., Aalto, P. P., Mäkelä, J. M., Hämeri, K., and Kulmala, M.: Urban aerosol number size distributions, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 3, 5139-5184, doi:10.5194/acpd-3-5139-2003, 2003.
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