Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 3, 1247-1272, 2003
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Distribution and origin of ozone in the eastern Mediterranean free troposphere during MINOS (August 2001)
G.-J. Roelofs1, B. Scheeren1,3, J. Heland2, H. Ziereis2, and J. Lelieveld3
1Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research, Utrecht University, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands
2Institute for Atmospheric Physics, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
3Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany

Abstract. A coupled tropospheric chemistry – climate model is used to reproduce and analyze tropospheric ozone distributions observed during the MINOS campaign in the eastern Mediterranean region (August, 2001). Generally, regional atmospheric dynamics in summer are strongly influenced by the occurrence of an upper tropospheric anti-cyclone, associated with the Asian summer monsoon and centered over the Tibetan Plateau. The anti-cyclone affects the chemical composition of the upper troposphere, where ozone concentrations of about 50 ppbv were measured, through advection of boundary layer air from South-East Asia. A layer between 4–6 km thickness and containing up to 120 ppbv of ozone was present beneath. Ozone from stratospheric origin and from lightning NOx contributed to this layer. Additionally, pollutant ozone from North America was mixed in. Ozone in the lower troposphere originated mainly from the European continent. Modeled ozone profiles are in reasonable agreement with the observations. The stratospheric influence is sometimes overestimated by the model due to too strong vertical diffusion associated with the relatively coarse vertical resolution of the model, and specific convective events are not reproduced realistically. The modeled tropospheric ozone column over the eastern Mediterranean is ~50 DU in summer, to which ozone from recent stratospheric origin contributes about 30%, ozone from lightning 13%, and from South-East Asia, North America and Europe about 7%, 8% and 14%, respectively, adding to a long-term hemispheric background of 25% of the column.

Citation: Roelofs, G.-J., Scheeren, B., Heland, J., Ziereis, H., and Lelieveld, J.: Distribution and origin of ozone in the eastern Mediterranean free troposphere during MINOS (August 2001), Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 3, 1247-1272, doi:10.5194/acpd-3-1247-2003, 2003.
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