Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 7463-7502, 2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Secondary aerosol formation from stress-induced biogenic emissions and possible climate feedbacks
Th. F. Mentel1, E. Kleist2, S. Andres1, M. D. Maso1,3,*, T. Hohaus1, A. Kiendler-Scharr1, Y. Rudich4, M. Springer1, R. Tillmann1, R. Uerlings2, A. Wahner1, and J. Wildt2
1Institut für Energie und Klimaforschung, IEK-8, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany
2Institut für Bio- und Geowissenschaften, IBG-2, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany
3Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 48, 00014, Helsinki, Finland
4Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, 76100 Israel
*now at: Dept. of Physics, Tampere University of Technology, 33101 Tampere, Finland

Abstract. Atmospheric aerosols impact climate by scattering and absorbing solar radiation and by acting as ice and cloud condensation nuclei. Secondary organic aerosols (SOA) comprise an important component of atmospheric aerosols. Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOC) emitted by vegetation are a major source of SOA. Pathogens and insect attacks, heat waves and droughts can induce stress to plants that may impact their BVOC emissions, and hence the yield and type of formed SOA, and possibly their climatic effects. This raises questions whether stress-induced changes in SOA formation may attenuate or amplify effects of climate change. In this study we assess the potential impact of stress-induced BVOC emissions on SOA formation for tree species typical for mixed deciduous and Boreal Eurasian forests. We studied the photochemical SOA formation for infested plants in a laboratory setup under well-controlled conditions and applied in addition heat and drought stress. The results indicate that stress conditions substantially modify SOA formation. While sesquiterpenes, methyl salicylate, and C17-BVOC increase SOA yield, green leaf volatiles suppress SOA formation. By classifying emission types, stressors and SOA formation potential, we propose possible climatic feedbacks regarding aerosol effects. We conclude that stress situations for plants due to climate change should be considered in climate-vegetation feedback mechanisms.

Citation: Mentel, Th. F., Kleist, E., Andres, S., Maso, M. D., Hohaus, T., Kiendler-Scharr, A., Rudich, Y., Springer, M., Tillmann, R., Uerlings, R., Wahner, A., and Wildt, J.: Secondary aerosol formation from stress-induced biogenic emissions and possible climate feedbacks, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 7463-7502, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-7463-2013, 2013.
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