Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 4687-4725, 2013
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/13/4687/2013/
doi:10.5194/acpd-13-4687-2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Review Status
This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Chemical insights, explicit chemistry and yields of secondary organic aerosol from methylglyoxal and glyoxal
Y. B. Lim1, Y. Tan2, and B. J. Turpin1
1Department of Environmental Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA
2Center for Atmospheric Particle Studies, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Abstract. Atmospherically abundant, volatile water soluble organic compounds formed through gas phase chemistry (e.g., glyoxal (C2), methylglyoxal (C3) and acetic acid) have great potential to form secondary organic aerosol (SOA) via aqueous chemistry in clouds, fogs and wet aerosols. This paper (1) provides chemical insights into aqueous-phase OH radical-initiated reactions leading to SOA formation from methylglyoxal and (2) uses this and a previously published glyoxal mechanism (Lim et al., 2010) to provide SOA yields for use in chemical transport models. Detailed reaction mechanisms including peroxy radical chemistry and a full kinetic model for aqueous photochemistry of acetic acid and methylglyoxal are developed and validated by comparing simulations with the experimental results from previous studies (Tan et al., 2010, 2012). This new methylglyoxal model is then combined with the previous glyoxal model (Lim et al., 2010), and is used to simulate the profiles of products and to estimate SOA yields.

At cloud relevant concentrations (∼ 10−6–∼ 10−3 M; Munger et al., 1995) of glyoxal and methylglyoxal, the major photooxidation products are oxalic acid and pyruvic acid, and simulated SOA yields (by mass) are ∼ 120% for glyoxal and ∼ 80% for methylglyoxal. Oligomerization of unreacted aldehydes during droplet evaporation could enhance yields. In wet aerosols, where total dissolved organics are present at much higher concentrations (∼ 10 M), the major products are oligomers formed via organic radical-radical reactions, and simulated SOA yields (by mass) are ∼ 90% for both glyoxal and methylglyoxal.


Citation: Lim, Y. B., Tan, Y., and Turpin, B. J.: Chemical insights, explicit chemistry and yields of secondary organic aerosol from methylglyoxal and glyoxal, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 4687-4725, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-4687-2013, 2013.
 
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