Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 28343-28393, 2013
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/13/28343/2013/
doi:10.5194/acpd-13-28343-2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Review Status
This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Emissions of terpenoids, benzenoids, and other biogenic gas-phase organic compounds from agricultural crops and their potential implications for air quality
D. R. Gentner1, E. Ormeño2,3, S. Fares2,4, T. B. Ford5, R. Weber2, J.-H. Park2, J. Brioude6,7, W. M. Angevine6,7, J. F. Karlik8, and A. H. Goldstein1,2
1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
2Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA
3Aix-Marseille Université – Institut méditerranéen de biodiversité et écologie IMBE CNRS UMR 7263, France
4Consiglio per la Ricerca e la sperimentazione in Agricoltura (CRA) – Research Centre for the Soil-Plant System, Rome, Italy
5Department of Chemistry University of California, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA
6Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
7Chemical Sciences Division, Earth System Research Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Boulder, CO 80305, USA
8University of California Cooperative Extension, Kern County, USA

Abstract. Agriculture comprises a substantial fraction of land cover in many regions of the world, including California's San Joaquin Valley, which is out of compliance with state and federal standards for tropospheric ozone and particulate matter (PM2.5). Emissions from vegetation and other biogenic and anthropogenic sources react in the atmosphere to produce ozone and secondary organic aerosol, which comprises a substantial fraction of PM2.5. Using data from three measurement campaigns, we examine emissions of reactive gas-phase organic carbon from agricultural crops and their potential to impact regional air quality relative to anthropogenic emissions in California's San Joaquin Valley. Emission rates for a suite of biogenic terpenoid compounds were measured in a greenhouse for 25 representative crops from California in 2008, and ambient measurements of terpenoids and other biogenic compounds in the volatile and intermediate-volatility organic compound range were made over an orange orchard in a rural area of the San Joaquin Valley during two seasons in 2010: summer and spring flowering. When accounting for both emissions of reactive precursors and the deposition of ozone to an orange orchard, the net effect of the orange trees is a net source of ozone in the springtime during flowering, and relatively neutral for most of the summer until the fall when it becomes a sink. Flowering was a major emission event and caused a large increase in emissions including a suite of compounds that had not been measured in the atmosphere before. Such biogenic emission events need to be better parameterized in models as they have significant potential to impact regional air quality since emissions increase by an order of magnitude. In regions like the San Joaquin Valley, the mass of biogenic emissions from agricultural crops during the summer (without flowering) and the potential ozone and secondary organic aerosol formation from these emissions are on the same order as anthropogenic emissions from motor vehicles and must be considered in air quality models and secondary pollution control strategies.

Citation: Gentner, D. R., Ormeño, E., Fares, S., Ford, T. B., Weber, R., Park, J.-H., Brioude, J., Angevine, W. M., Karlik, J. F., and Goldstein, A. H.: Emissions of terpenoids, benzenoids, and other biogenic gas-phase organic compounds from agricultural crops and their potential implications for air quality, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 28343-28393, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-28343-2013, 2013.
 
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