Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 27163-27200, 2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Review Status
This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Arctic stratospheric dehydration – Part 2: Microphysical modeling
I. Engel1,*, B. P. Luo1, S. M. Khaykin2,3, F. G. Wienhold1, H. Vömel4, R. Kivi5, C. R. Hoyle1,6, J.-U. Grooß7, M. C. Pitts8, and T. Peter1
1Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
2Central Aerological Observatory, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region, Russia
3LATMOS-IPSL, Université Versailles St. Quentin, CNRS/INSU, Guyancourt, France
4Deutscher Wetterdienst, Meteorological Observatory Lindenberg – Richard Aßmann Observatory, Lindenberg, Germany
5Finnish Meteorological Institute, Arctic Research, Sodankylä, Finland
6Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
7Institut für Energie- und Klimaforschung – Stratosphäre (IEK-7), Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
8NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, USA
*now at: Institut für Energie- und Klimaforschung – Stratosphäre (IEK-7), Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany

Abstract. Large areas of synoptic-scale ice PSCs (Polar Stratospheric Clouds) distinguished the Arctic winter 2009/2010 from other years and revealed unprecedented evidence of water redistribution in the stratosphere. A unique snapshot of water vapor repartitioning into ice particles was observed under extremely cold Arctic conditions with temperatures around 183 K. Balloon-borne, aircraft and satellite-based measurements suggest that synoptic-scale ice PSCs and concurrent reductions and enhancements in water vapor are tightly linked with the observed de- and rehydration signatures, respectively. In a companion paper (Part 1), water vapor and aerosol backscatter measurements from the RECONCILE (Reconciliation of essential process parameters for an enhanced predictability of Arctic stratospheric ozone loss and its climate interactions) and LAPBIAT-II (Lapland Atmosphere-Biosphere Facility) field campaigns have been analyzed in detail. This paper uses a column version of the Zurich Optical and Microphysical box Model (ZOMM) including newly developed NAT (Nitric Acid Trihydrate) and ice nucleation parameterizations. Particle sedimentation is calculated in order to simulate the vertical redistribution of chemical species such as water and nitric acid. Accounting for small-scale temperature fluctuations along the trajectory is essential to reach agreement between simulated optical cloud properties and observations. Whereas modeling only homogeneous nucleation causes the formation of ice clouds with particle radii too small to explain the measured vertical redistribution of water, we show that the use of recently developed heterogeneous ice nucleation parameterizations allows the model to quantitatively reproduce the observed signatures of de- and rehydration.

Citation: Engel, I., Luo, B. P., Khaykin, S. M., Wienhold, F. G., Vömel, H., Kivi, R., Hoyle, C. R., Grooß, J.-U., Pitts, M. C., and Peter, T.: Arctic stratospheric dehydration – Part 2: Microphysical modeling, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 27163-27200, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-27163-2013, 2013.
Search ACPD
Discussion Paper
    Final Revised Paper