Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 18205-18231, 2013
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/13/18205/2013/
doi:10.5194/acpd-13-18205-2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
A theoretical model on the formation mechanism and kinetics of highly toxic air pollutants from halogenated formaldehydes reacted with halogen atoms
Y. M. Ji1, H. H. Wang1,2, Y. P. Gao1,2, G. Y. Li1, and T. C. An1
1State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry and Guangdong Key Laboratory of Environmental Resources Utilization and Protection, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China
2Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Abstract. The atmospheric reactions of halogenated formaldehydes with halogen atoms were investigated by high-accuracy molecular orbital calculation. Studies showed that halogen atoms could easily abstract hydrogen atom from halogenated formaldehydes to form halogenated formyl radical and hydrogen halide (HX). In specific areas with high concentration of halogen atoms, such as the marine boundary layer (MBL), halogenated formyl radical was easily to react with halogen atoms and finally transformed into HX and CO2 in the presence of water; otherwise, this radical was degraded to CO2, halogen gas, and halogenated oxide. By using the canonical variational transition state theory, the kinetics calculations were performed within a wide atmospheric temperature range of 200–368 K, and theoretical values agreed well with the available experimental data. Under atmospheric conditions, the rate constants decreased as altitude increased, and especially the rate constants of halogen atoms reaction with FCHO quickly reduced. Although the reactions of halogenated formaldehydes with F atoms were more easily occurred than did those with Cl and Br atoms, the two latter reactions were still important atmospheric degradation process, especially in the MBL. The modified Arrhenius formulas of rate constants within the atmospheric temperature range were fitted, which helped to understand the established atmospheric model and estimate the contribution of title reactions to atmospheric chemistry pollution.

Citation: Ji, Y. M., Wang, H. H., Gao, Y. P., Li, G. Y., and An, T. C.: A theoretical model on the formation mechanism and kinetics of highly toxic air pollutants from halogenated formaldehydes reacted with halogen atoms, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 18205-18231, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-18205-2013, 2013.
 
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