Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 16925-16960, 2013
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Reactivity of chlorine radical with submicron palmitic acid particles: kinetic measurements and products identification
M. Mendez1, R. Ciuraru1,*, S. Gosselin1, S. Batut1, N. Visez1, and D. Petitprez1
1Laboratoire Physicochimie des Processus de Combustion et de l'Atmosphère (PC2A) UMR 8522 CNRS-Université Lille 1, 59655, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France
*now at: IRCELYON, Institut de Recherches sur la Catalyse et l'Environnement de Lyon, UMR 5256 CNRS-Université Lyon, Université Lyon 1, 69926 Villeurbanne Cedex, France

Abstract. The heterogeneous reaction of Cl. radicals with sub-micron palmitic acid (PA) particles was studied in an aerosol flow tube in the presence or in the absence of O2. Fine particles were generated by homogeneous condensation of PA vapors and introduced in the reactor where chlorine atoms are produced by photolysis of Cl2 using UV lamps surrounding the reactor. The effective reactive uptake coefficient (γ) has been determined from the rate loss of PA measured by GC/MS analysis of reacted particles as a function of the chlorine exposure. In the absence of O2, γ = 14 ± 5 indicates efficient secondary chemistry involving Cl2. GC/MS analyses have shown the formation of monochlorinated and polychlorinated compounds in the oxidized particles. Although, the PA particles are solid, the complete mass can be consumed. In the presence of oxygen, the reaction is still dominated by secondary chemistry but the propagation chain length is smaller than in the absence of O2 which leads to an uptake coefficient γ = 3 ± 1. In the particulate phase, oxocarboxylic acids and dicarboxylic acids are identified by GC/MS. Formation of alcohols and monocarboxylic acids are also suspected. All these results show that solid organic particles could be efficiently oxidized by gas-phase radicals not only on their surface, but also in bulk by mechanisms which are still unclear. Furthermore the identified reaction products are explained by a chemical mechanism showing the pathway of the formation of more functionalized products. They help to understand the aging of primary tropospheric aerosol containing fatty acids.

Citation: Mendez, M., Ciuraru, R., Gosselin, S., Batut, S., Visez, N., and Petitprez, D.: Reactivity of chlorine radical with submicron palmitic acid particles: kinetic measurements and products identification, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 16925-16960, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-16925-2013, 2013.
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