Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 15783-15827, 2013
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/13/15783/2013/
doi:10.5194/acpd-13-15783-2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Review Status
This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Response of secondary inorganic aerosol concentrations and deposition fluxes of S and N across Germany to emission changes during high PM10 episodes in spring 2009
S. Banzhaf1, M. Schaap2, R. J. Wichink Kruit2, H. A. C. Denier van der Gon2, R. Stern1, and P. J. H. Builtjes1,2
1Institut für Meteorologie, Freie Universität Berlin, Carl-Heinrich-Becker Weg 6–10, 12165 Berlin, Germany
2TNO, Department Climate, Air Quality and sustainability, Princetonlaan 6, 3508 TA Utrecht, the Netherlands

Abstract. In this study, the response of secondary inorganic aerosol (SIA) concentrations to changes in precursor emissions during high PM10 episodes over Central Europe in spring 2009 was investigated with the Eulerian Chemistry Transport Model (CTM) REM-Calgrid (RCG). The model performed well in capturing the temporal variation of PM10 and SIA concentrations and was used to analyse the different origin, development and characteristics of the selected high PM10 episodes. SIA concentrations, which attribute to about 50% of the PM10 concentration in north-western Europe, have been studied by means of several emission scenarios varying SO2, NOx and NH3 emissions within a domain covering Germany and within a domain covering Europe. It was confirmed that the response of sulphate, nitrate and ammonium concentrations and deposition fluxes of S and N to SO2, NOx and NH3 emission changes is non-linear. The deviation from linearity was found to be lower for total deposition fluxes of S and N than for SIA concentrations. Furthermore, the study has shown that incorporating explicit cloud chemistry in the model adds non-linear responses to the system and significantly modifies the response of modelled SIA concentrations and S and N deposition fluxes to changes in precursor emissions. The analysis of emission reduction scenarios demonstrates that next to European wide emission reductions additional national NH3 measures in Germany are more effective in reducing SIA concentrations and deposition fluxes than additional national measures on SO2 and NOx.

Citation: Banzhaf, S., Schaap, M., Wichink Kruit, R. J., Denier van der Gon, H. A. C., Stern, R., and Builtjes, P. J. H.: Response of secondary inorganic aerosol concentrations and deposition fluxes of S and N across Germany to emission changes during high PM10 episodes in spring 2009, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 15783-15827, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-15783-2013, 2013.
 
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