Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 15663-15695, 2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Review Status
This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Antarctic ozone variability inside the Polar Vortex estimated from balloon measurements
M. C. Parrondo1, M. Gil1, M. Yela1, B. J. Johnson2, and H. A. Ochoa3
1Atmospheric Research and Instrumentation Branch, National Institute for Aerospace Technology, Torrejón de Ardoz, Spain
2Global Monitoring Division, NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado, USA
3Dirección Nacional del Antártico/Instituto Antártico Argentino (DNA/IAA), Buenos Aires, Argentina

Abstract. 13 yr of ozonesoundings at the Antarctic Belgrano II station (78° S, 34.6° W) have been analyzed to establish a climatology of stratospheric ozone and temperature over the area. The station is inside the polar vortex during the period of development of chemical ozone depletion. Weekly periodic profiles provide a suitable database for seasonal characterization of the evolution of stratospheric ozone, especially valuable during winter time when satellites and ground-based instruments based on solar radiation are lacking. The work is focused on ozone loss rate variability (August–October) and its recovery (November–December) at different layers identified according to the severity of ozone loss. The time window selected for the calculations covers the phase of a quasi-linear ozone reduction, about day 220 (mid August) to day 273 (end of September). Decrease of the total ozone column over Belgrano during spring is highly dependent on the meteorological conditions. Largest depletions (up to 59%) are reached in coldest years while warms winters exhibit significantly lower ozone loss (20%). It has been found that about 11% of the total O3 loss in the layer where maximum depletion occurs takes place before the sun has arrived as a result of transport of lower latitude air masses, providing evidence of mixing inside the vortex. Spatial homogeneity of the vortex has been examined by comparing Belgrano results with those previously obtained for South Pole Station (SPS) for the same altitude range and for 9 yr of overlapping data. Unexpected results show more than 25% larger ozone loss rate at SPS than at Belgrano. It has been found that the accumulated hours of sunlight are the dominant factor driving the ozone loss rate. According to the variability of the ozone-hole recovery, a clear connection between the timing of the breakup of the vortex and the monthly ozone content was found. Minimum ozone concentration of 57 DU in the 12–24 km layer remained in November for the longest vortex, while years when the final stratospheric warming took "very early", mean integrated ozone rises up to 160–180 DU.

Citation: Parrondo, M. C., Gil, M., Yela, M., Johnson, B. J., and Ochoa, H. A.: Antarctic ozone variability inside the Polar Vortex estimated from balloon measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 15663-15695, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-15663-2013, 2013.
Search ACPD
Discussion Paper
    Final Revised Paper