Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 14695-14747, 2013
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Climatology of pure Tropospheric profiles and column contents of ozone and carbon monoxide using MOZAIC in the mid-northern latitudes (24° N to 50° N) from 1994 to 2009
R. M. Zbinden1, V. Thouret1, P. Ricaud2, F. Carminati1,2, J.-P. Cammas1,3, and P. Nédélec1
1Laboratoire d'Aérologie, UMR5560, CNRS and Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France
2GAME/CNRM, Météo-France, CNRS URA 1357, Toulouse, France
3now at: OSUR, UMS3365, Université de la Réunion, Saint-Denis, La Réunion

Abstract. The objective of this paper is to deliver the most accurate ozone (O3) and carbon monoxide (CO) climatology for the pure troposphere only, i.e. exclusively from the ground to the dynamical tropopause on an individual profile basis. The results (profiles and columns) are derived solely from the Measurements of OZone and water vapour by in-service AIrbus airCraft programme (MOZAIC) over fifteen years (1994–2009). The study, focused on the northern mid-latitudes [24° N–50° N] and [120° W–140° E], includes more than 40 000 profiles over 11 sites to give a quasi-global zonal picture. Considering all the sites, the pure tropospheric column peak-to-peak seasonal cycle ranges are 23.7–43.2 DU for O3 and 1.7–6.9 × 1018 mol cm−2 for CO. The maxima of the seasonal cycles are not in phase, occurring in February–April for CO and May–July for O3. The phase shift is related to the photochemistry and OH removal efficiencies. The purely tropospheric seasonal profiles are characterized by a typical autumn-winter/spring-summer O3 dichotomy, (except in Los Angeles, Eastmed – a cluster of Cairo and Tel Aviv – and the regions impacted by the summer monsoon) and a summer-autumn/winter-spring CO dichotomy. We revisit the boundary-layer, mid-tropospheric (MT) and upper-tropospheric (UT) partial columns, using a new monthly-varying MT ceiling. Interestingly, the seasonal cycle maximum of the UT partial columns is shifted from summer to spring for O3 and to very early spring for CO. Conversely, the MT maximum is shifted from spring to summer and is associated with a summer (winter) MT thickening (thinning). Lastly, the pure tropospheric seasonal cycles derived from our analysis are consistent with the cycles derived from spaceborne measurements, the correlation coefficients being r = 0.6–0.9 for O3, and r > 0.9 for CO. The cycles observed from space are nevertheless greater than MOZAIC for O3 (by 9–18 DU) and smaller for CO (up to 1 × 1018 mol cm−2). The larger winter O3 difference between the two data sets suggests probable stratospheric contamination in satellite data due to the tropopause position. The study underlines the importance of rigorously discriminating between the stratospheric and tropospheric reservoirs and avoiding use of a monthly-averaged tropopause position without this strict discrimination, in order to assess the pure O3 and CO tropospheric trends.

Citation: Zbinden, R. M., Thouret, V., Ricaud, P., Carminati, F., Cammas, J.-P., and Nédélec, P.: Climatology of pure Tropospheric profiles and column contents of ozone and carbon monoxide using MOZAIC in the mid-northern latitudes (24° N to 50° N) from 1994 to 2009, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 14695-14747, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-14695-2013, 2013.
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