Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12, 6263-6282, 2012
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/12/6263/2012/
doi:10.5194/acpd-12-6263-2012
© Author(s) 2012. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Gravity wave reflection and its influence on the consistency of temperature- and wind-based momentum fluxes simulated above Typhoon Ewiniar
Y.-H. Kim1, H.-Y. Chun1, P. Preusse2, M. Ern2, and S.-Y. Kim3
1Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea
2Institute for Energy and Climate Research – Stratosphere (IEK-7), Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
3Next Generation Model Development Center, Seoul, South Korea

Abstract. For a case study of Typhoon Ewiniar performed with a mesoscale model, we compare stratospheric gravity wave (GW) momentum flux determined from temperature variances by applying GW polarization relations and by assuming upward propagating waves with GW momentum flux calculated from model winds, which is considered as a reference. The temperature-based momentum-flux profile exhibits positive biases which fluctuate with altitude and have peak values of 17–39% at 20–40 km. We found that this deviation stems from the interference between upward and downward propagating waves. The downward propagating GWs are due mainly to partial reflections of upward propagating waves at altitudes where the background wind and stability change with height. When the upward and downward propagating waves are decomposed and their momentum fluxes are calculated separately from temperature perturbations, the fraction of the momentum flux arising from the downward propagating waves is about 4.5–8.2%. The net momentum flux of upward and downward propagating GWs agrees well with the reference from the model wind perturbations. Global distributions of GW momentum flux can be deduced from satellite measurements of temperatures also employing GW polarization relations but using different analysis methods. The implications of this study for the GW momentum-flux observations from satellites are discussed.

Citation: Kim, Y.-H., Chun, H.-Y., Preusse, P., Ern, M., and Kim, S.-Y.: Gravity wave reflection and its influence on the consistency of temperature- and wind-based momentum fluxes simulated above Typhoon Ewiniar, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12, 6263-6282, doi:10.5194/acpd-12-6263-2012, 2012.
 
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