Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12, 30409-30541, 2012
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Relationship between snow microstructure and physical and chemical processes
T. Bartels-Rausch1, H.-W. Jacobi2, T. F. Kahan3, J. L. Thomas4,5, E. S. Thomson6, J. P. D. Abbatt7, M. Ammann1, J. R. Blackford8, H. Bluhm9, C. Boxe10,11, F. Domine12, M. M. Frey13, I. Gladich14, M. I. Guzmán15, D. Heger16,17, Th. Huthwelker18, P. Klán16, W. F. Kuhs19, M. H. Kuo20, S. Maus21, S. G. Moussa20, V. F. McNeill20, J. T. Newberg22, J. B. C. Pettersson6, M. Roeselová14, and J. R. Sodeau23
1Laboratory of Radio and Environmental Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland
2Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l'Environnement, UMR5183, CNRS/Université Joseph Fourier – Grenoble 1, Grenoble, France
3Department of Chemistry, Syracuse University, 1-014 Center for Science and Technology, Syracuse, New York, USA
4UPMC Univ. Paris 06, UMR8190, CNRS/INSU – Univ. Versailles St.-Quentin, LATMOS-IPSL, Paris, France
5University of California, Los Angeles, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
6Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, Atmospheric Science, University of Gothenburg, 41296, Gothenburg, Sweden
7Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto, 80 St. George St., Toronto, ON, M5S 3H6, Canada
8Institute for Materials and Processes, School of Engineering, King's Buildings, The University of Edinburgh, EH9 3JL, UK
9Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Chemical Sciences Division, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
10Department of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Medgar Evers College – City University of New York, Brooklyn, NY 11235, USA
11City University of New York, Graduate Center, Department of Chemistry, Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Manhattan, NY 10016, USA
12Takuvik Joint International Laboratory, Université Laval, 1045 avenue de la médecine, Québec, QC, G1V 0A6, Canada
13British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, Cambridge, UK
14Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Flemingovo nam. 2, 16210 Prague 6, Czech Republic
15Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 40506-0055, USA
16Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kamenice 5/A, 62500 Brno, Czech Republic
17Research Centre for Toxic Compounds in the Environment, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kamenice 3, 62500 Brno, Czech Republic
18SLS Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland
19GZG Abt. Kristallographie, Universität Göttingen, Goldschmidtstr. 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
20Department of Chemical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
21Geophysical Institute, University Bergen, 5007 Bergen, Norway
22Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716, USA
23Department of Chemistry and Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

Abstract. Ice and snow in the environment are important because they not only act as a host to rich chemistry but also provide a matrix for physical exchanges of contaminants within the ecosystem. This review discusses how the structure of snow influences both chemical reactivity and physical processes, which thereby makes snow a unique medium for study. The focus is placed on impacts of the presence of liquid and surface disorder using many experimental studies, simulations, and field observations from the molecular to the micro-scale.

Citation: Bartels-Rausch, T., Jacobi, H.-W., Kahan, T. F., Thomas, J. L., Thomson, E. S., Abbatt, J. P. D., Ammann, M., Blackford, J. R., Bluhm, H., Boxe, C., Domine, F., Frey, M. M., Gladich, I., Guzmán, M. I., Heger, D., Huthwelker, Th., Klán, P., Kuhs, W. F., Kuo, M. H., Maus, S., Moussa, S. G., McNeill, V. F., Newberg, J. T., Pettersson, J. B. C., Roeselová, M., and Sodeau, J. R.: Relationship between snow microstructure and physical and chemical processes, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12, 30409-30541, doi:10.5194/acpd-12-30409-2012, 2012.
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