1Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, India
2Center for Research in Department of Earth and Space Sciences, York University, Toronto, Canada
3Eurasia Institute of Earth Sciences, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey
4Institute for Energy and Climate Research-Troposphere (IEK-8), Forschungszentrum, Julich, Julich, Germany
Abstract. An eight member ensemble of ECHAM5-HAMMOZ simulations for the year 2003 is analyzed to study the transport of aerosols in the Upper Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere (UTLS) during the Asian Summer Monsoon (ASM). Simulations show persistent maxima in black carbon, organic carbon, sulfate, and mineral dust aerosols within the anticyclone in the UTLS throughout the ASM (period from July to September) when convective activity over the Indian subcontinent is highest. Model simulations indicate boundary layer aerosol pollution as the source of this UTLS aerosol layer and identify ASM convection as the dominant transport process. Evidence of ASM transport of aerosols into the stratosphere is observed in HALogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) and Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE) II aerosol extinction. The impact of aerosols in the UTLS region is analyzed by evaluating the differences between simulations with (CTRL) and without aerosol (HAM-off) loading. The transport of anthropogenic aerosols in the UTLS increases cloud ice, water vapour and temperature, indicating that aerosols play an important role in enhancement of cloud ice in the Upper-Troposphere (UT). Aerosol induced circulation changes include a weakening of the main branch of the Hadley circulation and increased vertical transport around the southern flank of the Himalayas and reduction in monsoon precipitation over the India region.