Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12, 2783-2815, 2012
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/12/2783/2012/
doi:10.5194/acpd-12-2783-2012
© Author(s) 2012. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Review Status
This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Estimation of speciated and total mercury dry deposition at monitoring locations in Eastern and Central North America
L. Zhang1, P. Blanchard1, D. A. Gay2, E. M. Prestbo3, M. R. Risch4, D. Johnson5, J. Narayan1, R. Zsolway6, T. M. Holsen7, E. K. Miller8, M. S. Castro9, J. A. Graydon10, V. L. St. Louis10, and J. Dalziel11
1Air Quality Research Division, Science and Technology Branch, Environment Canada, Toronto, ON, Canada
2Illinois State Water Survey, Prairie Research Inst., University of Illinois, Champaign, IL, USA
3Tekran Instruments Corporation, Toronto, ON, Canada
4US Geological Survey, Indianapolis, IN, USA
5Convex Logic, Gloucester, ON, Canada
6New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, NJ, USA
7Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY, USA
8Ecosystems Research Group Ltd, Norwich, VT, USA
9University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Frostburg, MD, USA
10Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
11Air Quality Science Section, Environment Canada, Dartmouth, NS, Canada

Abstract. Dry deposition of speciated mercury, i.e., gaseous oxidized mercury (GOM), particulate bound mercury (PBM), and gaseous elemental mercury (GEM), was estimated for the year 2008–2009 at 19 monitoring locations in Eastern and Central North America. Dry deposition estimates were obtained by combining monitored 2–4 hourly speciated ambient concentration with modeled hourly dry deposition velocities (Vd) calculated using forecasted meteorology. Annual dry deposition of GOM + PBM was estimated to be in the range of 0.4 to 8.1 μg m−2 at these locations with GOM deposition being mostly 5 to 10 times higher than PBM deposition, due to their different Vd values. Net annual GEM dry deposition was estimated to be in the range of 5 to 26 μg m−2 at 18 sites and 33 μg m−2 at one site. The estimated dry deposition agrees very well with limited surrogate-surface dry deposition measurements of GOM and PBM, and also agrees with litterfall mercury measurements conducted at multiple locations in Eastern and Central North America. This study suggests that GEM contributes much more than GOM + PBM to the total dry deposition at the majority of sites considered here; the only exception is at locations close to significant point sources where GEM and GOM + PBM contribute equally to the total dry deposition. The relative magnitude of the speciated dry deposition and their good comparison with litterfall deposition suggest that mercury in litterfall primarily originates from GEM, consistent with previous limited field studies. The study also supports previous analyses suggesting that total dry deposition of mercury is equally if not more important as wet deposition of mercury on a regional scale in Eastern North America.

Citation: Zhang, L., Blanchard, P., Gay, D. A., Prestbo, E. M., Risch, M. R., Johnson, D., Narayan, J., Zsolway, R., Holsen, T. M., Miller, E. K., Castro, M. S., Graydon, J. A., Louis, V. L. St., and Dalziel, J.: Estimation of speciated and total mercury dry deposition at monitoring locations in Eastern and Central North America, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12, 2783-2815, doi:10.5194/acpd-12-2783-2012, 2012.
 
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