Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12, 22629-22685, 2012
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/12/22629/2012/
doi:10.5194/acpd-12-22629-2012
© Author(s) 2012. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Review Status
This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Assessment of the interannual variability and impact of the QBO and upwelling on tracer-tracer distributions of N2O and O3 in the tropical lower stratosphere
F. Khosrawi1, R. Müller2, J. Urban3, M. H. Proffitt4, G. Stiller5, M. Kiefer5, S. Lossow5, D. Kinnison6, F. Olschewski7, M. Riese2, and D. Murtagh3
1Department of Meteorology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
2IEK-7: Stratosphere, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
3Department of Radio and Space Science, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden
4Proffitt Instruments, Austin, Texas, USA
5Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
6National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, USA
7Physics Department, Universität Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany

Abstract. A modified form of tracer-tracer correlations of N2O and O3 has been used as a tool for the evaluation of atmospheric photochemical models. Applying this method monthly averages of N2O and O3 are derived for both hemispheres by partitioning the data into altitude (or potential temperature) bins and then averaging over a fixed interval of N2O. In a previous study, the method has been successfully applied to the validation of two Chemical Transport Models (CTMs) and one Chemistry-Climate Model (CCM) using 1-year climatology derived from the Odin Sub Millimetre Radiometer (Odin/SMR). However, the applicability of a 1-year climatology of monthly averages of N2O and O3 has been questioned due to the inability of some CCMs to simulate a specific year for the evaluation of CCMs. In this study, satellite measurements from Odin/SMR, the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (Aura/MLS), the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding on ENVISAT (ENVISAT/MIPAS), and the Cryogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes for the Atmosphere (CRISTA-1 and CRISTA-2) as well as model simulations from the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM) are considered. By using seven to eight years of satellite measurements derived between 2003 and 2010 from Odin/SMR, Aura/MLS, ENVISAT/MIPAS and six years of model simulations from WACCM the interannual variability of lower stratospheric monthly averages of N2O and O3 is assessed. It is shown that the interannual variability of the monthly averages of N2O and O3 is low and thus can be easily distinguished from model deficiencies. Further, it is investigated why large differences between Odin/SMR observations and model simulations from the Karlsruhe Simulation Model of the Middle Atmosphere (KASIMA) and the atmospheric general circulation model ECHAM5/Messy1 are found for the Northern and Southern Hemisphere tropics (0° to 30° N and 0° to −30° S, respectively). The differences between model simulations and observations are most likely caused by an underestimation of the quasi-biennial oscillation and tropical upwelling by the models as well as due to biases and/or instrument noise from the satellite instruments. Finally, an inter-comparison between Odin/SMR, Aura/MLS, ENVISAT/MIPAS and WACCM was performed. The comparison shows that these data sets are generally in good agreement but that also some known biases of the data sets are clearly visible in the monthly averages, thus showing that this method is not only a valuable tool for model evaluation but also for satellite inter-comparisons.

Citation: Khosrawi, F., Müller, R., Urban, J., Proffitt, M. H., Stiller, G., Kiefer, M., Lossow, S., Kinnison, D., Olschewski, F., Riese, M., and Murtagh, D.: Assessment of the interannual variability and impact of the QBO and upwelling on tracer-tracer distributions of N2O and O3 in the tropical lower stratosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12, 22629-22685, doi:10.5194/acpd-12-22629-2012, 2012.
 
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