Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12, 20901-20930, 2012
© Author(s) 2012. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
A data assimilative perspective of oceanic mesoscale eddy evolution during VOCALS-REx
A. C. Subramanian1, A. J. Miller1, B. D. Cornuelle1, E. Di Lorenzo2, R. A. Weller3, and F. Straneo3
1Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA
2Georgia Institute of Technology, Altlanta, Georgia, USA
3Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MIT, 86 Water Street, MA, USA

Abstract. Oceanic observations collected during the VOCALS-REx cruise time period, 1–30 November 2008, are assimilated into a regional ocean model (ROMS) using 4DVAR and then analyzed for their dynamics. Nonlinearities in the system prevent a complete 30-day fit, so two 15-day fits for 1–15 November and 16–30 November are executed using the available observations of hydrographic temperature and salinity, along with satellite fields of SST and sea-level height anomaly. The fits converge and reduce the cost function significantly, and the results indicated that ROMS is able to successfully reproduce both large-scale and smaller-scale features of the flows observed during the 76° W, 19° S. The ROMS fits capture this eddy as an isolated rotating 3-D vortex with a strong subsurface signature in velocity, temperature and anomalously low salinity. The eddy has an average temperature anomaly of approximately −0.5 °C over a depth range from 50–600 m and features a cold anomaly of approximately −1 °C near 150 m depth. The eddy moves northwestward and elongates during the second 15-day fit. It exhibits a strong signature in the Okubo-Weiss parameter, which indicates significant nonlinearity in its evolution. The heat balance for the period of the cruise from the ocean state estimate reveals that the horizontal advection and the vertical mixing processes are the dominant terms that balance the temperature tendency of the upper layer of the ocean locally in time and space. Areal averages, however, around the eddies and around the cruise tracks, suggest that vertical mixing processes generally balance the surface heating, indicating only a small role for lateral advective processes in this region.

Citation: Subramanian, A. C., Miller, A. J., Cornuelle, B. D., Di Lorenzo, E., Weller, R. A., and Straneo, F.: A data assimilative perspective of oceanic mesoscale eddy evolution during VOCALS-REx, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12, 20901-20930, doi:10.5194/acpd-12-20901-2012, 2012.
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