1Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry (MPI-BGC), Jena, Germany
2Institute of Environmental Physics (IUP), University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
3IMK-ASF, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
4IMK-IFU, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
5Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et l'Environnement (LSCE), Gif-sur-Yvette, France
*now at: Department for Applied Environmental Research (ITM), Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
**now at: California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
Abstract. In September/October 2009, six ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometers (FTS) of the Total Carbon Column Observation Network (TCCON) in Europe were calibrated with aircraft in-situ measurements for the first time. The campaign was part of the Infrastructure for Measurement of the European Carbon Cycle (IMECC) project.
During this campaign aircraft in-situ profiles of CO2, CH4, CO and H2O (from continuous measurements) as well as N2O, H2, and SF6 (from flasks) were taken close to the FTS sites. The aircraft data had a vertical coverage ranging from approximately 300 to 13 000 m, corresponding to ~80% of the total atmospheric column seen by the FTS.
This study summarizes the calibration results for CH4. Using similar methods, the resulting calibration factor of 0.978 ± 0.002 (±1 σ) from the IMECC campaign agreed very well with the results that Wunch et al. (2010) had derived for TCCON instruments in North America, Australia, New Zealand, and Japan. By adding the data of the previous calibration of Wunch et al. (2010), the uncertainty of the calibration factor could be reduced by a factor of three.
A careful analysis of the calibration method used by Wunch et al. (2010) revealed that the incomplete vertical coverage of the aircraft profiles can lead to a bias in the calibration factor. This bias can be compensated with a new iterative approach that we developed. Using this improved method, we derived a significantly lower calibration factor of 0.974 ± 0.002 (±1 σ). This corresponds to a correction of all TCCON CH4 measurements by roughly −7 ppb.