Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 11, 21319-21361, 2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed
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Link between local scale BC emissions and large scale atmospheric solar absorption
P. S. Praveen1, T. Ahmed1, A. Kar2, I. H. Rehman2, and V. Ramanathan1
1Center for Clouds, Chemistry and Climate, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0221, La Jolla, CA 92093-0221, USA
2The Energy and Resources Institute, Darbari Seth Block, IHC Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi, 110003, India

Abstract. Project Surya has documented indoor and outdoor concentrations of black carbon (BC) from traditional biomass burning cook stoves in a rural village located in the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) region of N. India from November 2009- September 2010. In this paper, we systematically document the link between local scale aerosol properties and column averaged regional aerosol optical properties and atmospheric radiative forcing. We report observations from the first phase of Project Surya to estimate the source dependent (biomass and fossil fuels) aerosol optical properties from local to regional scale. Data were collected using surface based observations of BC, organic carbon (OC), aerosol light absorption, scattering coefficient at the Surya village (SVI_1) located in IGP region, and satellite and AERONET observations at the regional scale (IGP). The daily mean BC concentrations at SVI_1 showed the large increase of BC during the dry season (December to February) with values reaching 35 μg m−3. Space based LIDAR data reveal how the biomass smoke is trapped within the first kilometre during the dry season and its extension to above 5 km during the pre-monsoon season. As a result during the dry season, the variance in the daily mean SSA and column aerosol optical properties at the local IGP site correlated (with slopes in the range of 0.85 to 1.06 and R2>0.4) well with the "IGP_AERONET" (mean of six AERONET sites), thus suggesting in-situ observations at few locations can be used to infer spatial mean forcing. The atmospheric forcing due to BC and OC exceeded 20 W m−2 during all months from November to May, leading to the deduction that elimination of cook stove smoke emissions through clean cooking technologies will likely have a major positive impact on health and the regional climate.

Citation: Praveen, P. S., Ahmed, T., Kar, A., Rehman, I. H., and Ramanathan, V.: Link between local scale BC emissions and large scale atmospheric solar absorption, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 11, 21319-21361, doi:10.5194/acpd-11-21319-2011, 2011.
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