Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 11, 14091-14125, 2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
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Variability of aerosol optical properties in the Western Mediterranean Basin
M. Pandolfi, M. Cusack, A. Alastuey, and X. Querol
Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain

Abstract. Aerosol light scattering, black carbon (BC) and particulate matter (PM) concentrations were measured at Montseny, a regional background site in the Western Mediterranean Basin (WMB) which is part of the European Supersite for Atmospheric Aerosol Research (EUSAAR). Off line analyses of 24 h PM filters collected with Hi-Vol instruments were performed for the determination of the main chemical components of PM. Measurements of BC were used to calculate the light absorption properties of atmospheric particles. Single Scattering Albedo (SSA) at 635 nm was estimated starting from aerosol scattering and absorption measurements, while Ångström exponents were calculated by means of the three wavelengths (450 nm, 525 nm, 635 nm) aerosol light scattering measurements from Nephelometer. Mean scattering and hemispheric backscattering coefficients (@ 635 nm) were 26.8 ± 23.3 Mm−1 and 4.3 ± 2.7 Mm−1, respectively and the mean aerosol absorption coefficient was 2.8 ± 2.2 Mm−1. Mean values of Single Scattering Albedo (SSA) and Ångström exponent (calculated from 450 nm to 635 nm) at MSY were 0.90 ± 0.05 and 1.2 ± 0.6, respectively. A clear relationship was observed between the PM1/PM10 and PM2.5/PM10 ratios as a function of the calculated Ångström exponents. Mass scattering cross sections for fine mass and sulfate at 635 nm were calculated in 2.8 ± 0.5 m2 g−1 and 11.8 ± 2.2 m2 g−1 respectively, while the mean aerosol absorption cross section was estimated around 10.4 ± 2.0 m2 g−1. The variability in aerosol optical properties in the WMB were largely explained by the origin and ageing of air masses over the measurement site. The sea breeze played an important role in transporting pollutants from the developed WMB coastlines towards inland rural areas, changing the optical properties of aerosols. Aerosol scattering and backscattering coefficients increased by around 40 % in the afternoon when the sea breeze was fully developed while the absorption coefficient increased by more than 100 % as a consequence of the increase in BC concentration at MSY observed under sea breeze circulation. The analysis of the Ångström (Å) exponent as a function of the origin the air masses revealed that polluted winter anticyclonic conditions and summer recirculation scenarios typical of the WMB led to an increase of fine particles in the atmosphere (Å = 1.4 ± 0.1) while the aerosol optical properties under Atlantic Advection episodes and Saharan dust outbreaks were clearly dominated by coarser particles (Å = 0.7 ± 0.3).

Citation: Pandolfi, M., Cusack, M., Alastuey, A., and Querol, X.: Variability of aerosol optical properties in the Western Mediterranean Basin, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 11, 14091-14125, doi:10.5194/acpd-11-14091-2011, 2011.
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