1Joint Center for Earth Systems Technology, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD, USA
2Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Moscow, Russia
3EUMETSAT, Darmstadt, Germany
4NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA
5Mosecomonitoring, Moscow, Russia
Abstract. Data are presented from three space sounders and two ground-based spectrometers in Moscow and its suburbs during the forest and peat fires that occurred in Central Russia in July–August 2010. The Moscow area was strongly impacted by the CO plume from these fires. Concurrent satellite- and ground-based observations were used to quantify the errors of CO top-down emission estimates. On certain days, CO total columns retrieved from the data of the space-based sounders were 2–3 times less than those obtained from the ground-based sun-tracking spectrometers. The depth of the polluted layer over Moscow was estimated using total column measurements compared with CO volume mixing ratios in the surface layer and on the TV tower and found to be between 180 and 360 m. The missing CO that is the average difference between the CO total column accurately determined by the ground spectrometer and that retrieved by MOPITT and AIRS, was determined for the Moscow area as ∼3 E18 molec cm−2. This value was extrapolated onto the entire plume; subsequently, the CO burden (total mass) over Russia during the fire event was corrected. A top-down estimate of the total emitted CO, obtained by a simple mass balance model increased by 80%–100% due to this correction (up to 40 Tg).