On the corrosion and soiling effects on materials by air pollution in Athens, Greece
1Climate Research Group, Division of Environmental Physics and Meteorology, Faculty of Physics, University of Athens, University Campus Bldg. Phys. V, Athens 15784, Greece
2Corrosion and Metals Research Institute, Drottning Kristinas väg 48, 114 28 Stockholm, Sweden
3IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute Ltd. P.O. Box 5302, 400 14 Gothenburg, Sweden
4University Paris East – Créteil (UPEC), 94010 Créteil, France
5SVUOM Praha AS, 17004 Prague 7, Czech Republic
Abstract. In the frame of the European project, entitled MULTI-ASSESS, specimens of structural metals, glass, stone and concrete materials were exposed to air pollution at a station, which was installed for this purpose on a building, located in the centre of Athens. The main purpose of this project was to determine the corrosion and soiling effects of air pollution on materials. A set of the specimens was exposed in a position that was sheltered from rain and partly from wind, and another set was exposed in unsheltered positions on the roof of the above said building. In addition, other specimens were exposed at different heights on the same building, in order to investigate for the first time the corrosion and soiling effects on various materials as a function of height. For the determination of these effects, chemical analysis of the specimens was performed and basic parameters as the weight change, the layer thickness and the optical properties were calculated. Finally, the results obtained are discussed and their plausible interpretation is attempted.