Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 10, 2769-2808, 2010
© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Improvements in the profiles and distributions of nitric acid and nitrogen dioxide with the LIMS version 6 dataset
E. Remsberg1, M. Natarajan1, T. Marshall2, L. L. Gordley2, R. E. Thompson2, and G. Lingenfelser3
1NASA Langley Research Center, 21 Langley Blvd., Mail Stop 401B, Hampton, VA 23681, USA
2GATS Incorporated, 11864 Canon Blvd., Suite 101, Newport News, VA 23606, USA
3SSAI, 1 Enterprise Parkway, Hampton, VA 23661, USA

Abstract. The quality of the Nimbus 7 Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere (LIMS) nitric acid (HNO3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) profiles and distributions of 1978/1979 is described after their processing with an updated, Version 6 (V6) algorithm and subsequent archival in 2002. Estimates of the precision and accuracy of both of those species are developed and provided herein. The character of the V6 HNO3 profiles is relatively unchanged from that of the earlier LIMS Version 5 (V5) profiles, except in the upper stratosphere where the interfering effects of CO2 are accounted for better with V6. The accuracy of the retrieved V6 NO2 is also significantly better in the middle and upper stratosphere, due to improvements in its spectral line parameters and in the reduced biases for the accompanying V6 temperature and water vapor profiles. As a result of these important updates, there is better agreement with theoretical calculations for profiles of the HNO3/NO2 ratio, day-to-night NO2 ratio, and with estimates of the production of NO2 in the mesosphere and its descent to the upper stratosphere during polar night. The improved precisions and more frequent retrievals of the profiles along the LIMS orbit tracks provide for better continuity and detail in map analyses of these two species on pressure surfaces. It is judged that the chemical effects of the oxides of nitrogen on ozone can be examined quantitatively throughout the stratosphere with the LIMS V6 data, and that the findings will be more compatible with those obtained from measurements of the same species from subsequent satellite sensors.

Citation: Remsberg, E., Natarajan, M., Marshall, T., Gordley, L. L., Thompson, R. E., and Lingenfelser, G.: Improvements in the profiles and distributions of nitric acid and nitrogen dioxide with the LIMS version 6 dataset, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 10, 2769-2808, doi:10.5194/acpd-10-2769-2010, 2010.
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