Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 10, 23705-23738, 2010
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Ice nuclei properties within a Saharan Dust Event at the Jungfraujoch
C. Chou1, O. Stetzer1, E. Weingartner2, Z. Jurányi2, Z. A. Kanji1, and U. Lohmann1
1ETH Zurich, Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, Switzerland
2Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen PSI, Switzerland

Abstract. The new portable ice nucleation chamber (PINC) developed by the Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Sciences of ETH Zurich was operated during two campaigns PINC II and III at the high alpine research station Jungfraujoch situated at 3580 m a.s.l., in March and June 2009, respectively. During this time of the year, a high probability of Saharan Dust Events (SDE) at the Jungfraujoch has been observed. We used an impactor with a cutoff size of 1 μm aerodynamic diameter and operated the system at −31 °C and relative humidities of 127% and 91% with respect to ice and water, respectively in order to investigate the contribution of deposition freezing to mixed-phase clouds and also to look at the number concentration of ice nuclei (IN) during a SDE. The average IN concentration during PINC II was 8 particles per liter whereas during PINC III, the average number concentration was higher up to 14 particles per liter. Two SDEs were detected on 15 and 16 June 2009. Our measurements show that the SDEs had IN number concentration up to several hundreds per liter. We found the best correlation between the number concentration of the larger particle fraction measured by an optical particle counter and the IN number concentration during a Saharan Dust Event. This correlation factor is higher for particles larger than 0.5 μm meaning that a higher concentration of larger particles induced higher IN number concentration. No correlation could be found between the black carbon mass concentration and the variations in IN number concentration.

Citation: Chou, C., Stetzer, O., Weingartner, E., Jurányi, Z., Kanji, Z. A., and Lohmann, U.: Ice nuclei properties within a Saharan Dust Event at the Jungfraujoch, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 10, 23705-23738, doi:10.5194/acpd-10-23705-2010, 2010.
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