Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 1, 1-22, 2001
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/1/1/2001/
doi:10.5194/acpd-1-1-2001
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
A novel tandem differential mobility analyzer with organic vapor treatment of aerosol particles
J. Joutsensaari1, P. Vaattovaara1, K. Hämeri2, and A. Laaksonen1
1Department of Applied Physics, University of Kuopio, P.O. Box 1627, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland
2Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, FIN-00250 Helsinki, Finland

Abstract. A novel method to characterize the organic composition of aerosol particles has been developed. The method is based on organic vapor interaction with aerosol particles and it has been named an Organic Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer (OTDMA). The OTDMA method has been tested for inorganic (sodium chloride and ammonium sulfate) and organic (citric acid and adipic acid) particles. Growth curves of the particles have been measured in ethanol vapor and as a comparison in water vapor as a function of saturation ratio. Measurements in water vapor show that sodium chloride and ammonium sulfate as well as citric acid particles grow at water saturation ratios (S) of 0.8 and above, whereas adipic acid particles do not grow at S<0.96. For sodium chloride and ammonium sulfate particles, a deliquescence point is observed at S=0.75 and S=0.79, respectively. Citric acid particles grow monotonously with increasing saturation ratios already at low saturation ratios and no clear deliquescence point is found. For inorganic sodium chloride and ammonium sulfate particles, no growth can be seen in ethanol vapor at saturation ratios below 0.9. In contrast, for organic adipic acid particles, the deliquescence takes place at around S=0.95 in the ethanol vapor. Citric acid particles grow in ethanol vapor similarly as in water vapor; the particles grow monotonously with increasing saturation ratios and no stepwise deliquescence is observed. The results show that the working principles of the OTDMA are operational and the OTDMA method can be used to determine an organic composition of the aerosol particles. Operation of OTDMA and hygroscopicity TDMA together allows making a rough categorization of different substances found in atmospheric aerosol particles based on their growth in pure ethanol and pure water vapor.

Citation: Joutsensaari, J., Vaattovaara, P., Hämeri, K., and Laaksonen, A.: A novel tandem differential mobility analyzer with organic vapor treatment of aerosol particles, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 1, 1-22, doi:10.5194/acpd-1-1-2001, 2001.
 
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